Aug 2023: Editors’ Note on Updating Content

The built environment is in constant flux, whether from demolition and new construction, renovations and additions, or changing function and use. Social protest and cultural progress also transform the built environment, as we have witnessed in efforts to remove Confederate monuments from public spaces. The effects of climate change are equally consequential, with flooding and wildfires imperiling, damaging, and destroying significant buildings and sites with increasing frequency.

As a digital publication, SAH Archipedia strives to ensure that its content is up to date and that published texts accurately reflect physical conditions on the ground. To that end, our editors and authors are reviewing individual entries and essays to identify those that need to be updated.

While this work is ongoing and continuous, we want our readers to know that we are prioritizing updates to entries and essays (and illustrations and metadata) dealing with monuments to white supremacy and memorials that otherwise symbolize oppression to indicate (1) the removal of statues and other forms of dismantling or transformation, (2) the renaming or retitling of buildings, parks, plazas, bridges, streets, and highways, (3) necessary contextualizing and interpretations in light of new historical research and scholarship. We are also prioritizing updates to entries and essays that deal with buildings and sites that have changed as a result of extreme weather events.

As always, SAH Archipedia’s editors will work with authors and peer reviewers to maintain the highest standards of a scholarly publication.



The campus of Florida Southern College includes the largest ensemble of Frank Lloyd Wright buildings at a single site. Wright designed eighteen structures for the campus, of which twelve were built over a twenty-year span, beginning in 1938. Linking all twelve buildings are covered esplanades that snake their way asymmetrically around fountains and lawns that slope down toward Lake Hollingsworth. Wright dubbed the campus...more


Pharmacist Charles Walgreen established his drugstore chain in Chicago in 1901. The smooth, streamlined exterior of this steel-framed store suits the corner site it occupies and conveys a fresh, healthy image. A low, round tower wrapped by blue and red neon signage (added c. 1949) marks the corner entrance. Inside, retail departments and a one-hundred-foot-long lunch counter originally occupied the ground floor,...more


This handsome red brick neo-Georgian house with exquisite interior woodwork was built to the plans of noted Chicago architects Holabird and Roche for a Manistee lumberman and his wife. Patrick Noud (1845–1925) came up the Great Lakes to the northwestern Lower Peninsula, where he worked as a log driver, foreman, and superintendent and eventually acquired a sawmill and lumber company in Manistee. In 1891–1892 Noud served as mayor of Manistee. ...more


The monstrous modernistic wedge-shaped granite, glass, and limestone-trimmed building, erected as the headquarters of Compuware, specialists in high-tech enterprise software and IT programs, anchors the north end of Campus Martius Park. In building here, Peter Karamanos, head of Compuware, attempted to fill the void left by the demolition of the... more